The Influence of Epidurally Injected Xylazine on Cardio-Pulmonary and Rectal Temperatures in Goats

Authors

  • D.G. Mpanduji Department of Veterinary Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture P.O. Box 3020, Morogoro, Tanzania
  • M.N. Mgassa Department of Veterinary Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture P.O. Box 3020, Morogoro, Tanzania
  • S.B.P. Bittegeko Department of Veterinary Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture P.O. Box 3020, Morogoro, Tanzania
  • E.K. Batamuzi Department of Veterinary Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sokoine University of Agriculture P.O. Box 3020, Morogoro, Tanzania

Keywords:

Caprine, Anaesthesia

Abstract

The influences of xylazine on cardiopulmonary and rectal temperature values were investigated in seven Small East African goats. Three doses, 50µg/kg, 100µg/kg and 150µg/kg body weight of xylazine were used. The three doses were administered epidurally to each of the seven goats, with a one-week interval between doses. All doses induced a significantly fall in the mean respiration and heart rates, arterial pressure and rectal temperature values within five minutes (P<0.05). The mean respiration and heart rates depressant effects persisted for the whole 180 minutes observational period. However, the mean arterial pressure depression effect persisted for short period, and was followed by a gradual increase to normal or above normal values. The rectal temperature changes were very mild, and remained within the normal ranges. It is concluded that epidurally administered xylazine at dose ranging from 50µg to l50µg/kg body weight induces a variable cardiopulmonary and rectal temperature changes that are not detrimental to the animal

Downloads

Published

30-09-1998

How to Cite

Mpanduji, D., Mgassa, M., Bittegeko, S. and Batamuzi, E. (1998) “The Influence of Epidurally Injected Xylazine on Cardio-Pulmonary and Rectal Temperatures in Goats”, Tanzania Veterinary Journal, 18(3), pp. 224–239. Available at: http://tvj.sua.ac.tz/vet2/index.php/TVJ/article/view/443 (Accessed: 27 May 2024).

Issue

Section

RESEARCH ARTICLES

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >> 

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.